عنوان مقاله [English]
In the poetics of formalism, the two issues of "story" and "plot" have been redefined depending on the ultimate goal of this theory that is defamiliarization .Based on the new definitions, "story" that was believed to be the temporal chain of events, is presently known as the raw material of the narrative called fibula. Similarly, "plot", in opposition to what preformalist critics believed to be the logical and causal narrative structure, currently refers to all the aesthetic devices used to give that raw material an artistic structure and is called subject. These devices appear in the three levels of language; themes, narrative techniques and the aesthetic structure of narrative. Persian contemporary short story writers have created an innovative form of deconstruction in the narration of their stories by considering formalistic theories and a skillful utilization of linguistic, thematic and Technical features. Therefore, in the process of writing stories, they disregard plot in the form of its event-driven classic definition rather try to highlight the form of a fictional narrative through the application of new narrative techniques. As a consequence, they achieve "Defamiliarization" and "subject" intended by formalism. Given that the defamiliarization often appears in the level of narrative figures more broadly and diversely, in this article, we are going to analyze and categorize diverse methods of creating defamiliarization which are the main reasons for the strangeness and intricacy of the contemporary formalist short stories.