عنوان مقاله [English]
This research applies Bakhtin’s views and ideas, especially dialogism theory, to critically analyze the discourse in the novel “The Peasant’s Daughter” by the contemporary Iranian novelist Beh Azin to reflect on the polyphony of this novel. This study answers the following questions: 1- How do women in the novel appear dynamically in polyphony? 2. How does the conflict between modernity and tradition appear in polyphony in the novel? 3. How do intellectuals and elites influence the emergence of polyphony in the novel? The results show women were passive to represent polyphony, providing a narrative context for the dominant picture of the protagonist’s discourse. The elites in the story use polyphony for various reasons because of left-wing and nationalist ideologies. The confrontation between tradition and modernity plays no small part in the emergence of this uprising, in which tradition helped the wealthy classes to institutionalize themselves in society. In conclusion, social background and gender are two prominent issues in the story’s narration of The Peasant Girl. The author challenges traditional society’s ideological and moral roots while establishing polyphony between the bourgeoisie and the subjugated classes.