عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The article "Demon" in Shahnameh is derived from the term div (demon) which was in use in Iranian culture before the Islamic era, and which changed into "jinn" like many other terms after introduction of Islam to Iran. The main objective of this paper is to propound the confrontation of human with the divs, for they were always considered as agents spoiling human life, defying human values. Introducing such evil entities, Ferdowsi elaborates on their characteristics, highlighting the permanent and unceasing challenge of Iranians against evil thoughts and deeds.