عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
During the last few decades of the twentieth century, many research studies have been carried out in order to delve into the construct-irrelevant factors affecting language test performance of EFL/ESL learners. In line with this orientation and on the basis of some relevant assumptions made by scholars like Bachman (1990), Shohamy et al. ( 1993), Bachman et al, ( 1996), etc. , the study reported here was designed to examine the impact of test method, personality type and gender on the Iranian EFL learner's test performance and analyze the probable patterns of interaction between these variables in order to suggest appropriate test methods for different personality types and the two sexes and consequently maximize validity and minimize biasedness in language testing. To fulfill the above-mentioned objective, a group of 125 Iranian EFL learners were asked to take three language measures exclusively developed for the present study (a multiple-choice test, an open-ended test and a cloze test ), an oral interview and the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.Concerning test method effect, we could conclude that this variable per se does not significantly affect the Iranian EFL learners' test performance. Likewise, neuroticism was not found to be a significant factor in this respect. However, our data analysis results revealed that extroversion and sex positively affect the subject's test performance and psychoticism negatively do so. With regard to the relationship between the above mentioned variables, it was found that test method is significantly related neither to personality type nor to sex. We also could not find any interaction effect between personality type and sex in relation to different test methods.